SHAFAQNA Türkiye – Precipitation in Sivas, which fell in large quantities compared to previous years, as expected, caused rust on cereal crops. The incidence of rust was reported to have increased significantly throughout the city.
Volkan Yörük, Lecturer at Sivas Cumhuriyet University (SCU) Vocational School of Engineering Sciences, Crop and Livestock Production, Organic Agriculture Program, who had previously warned about this problem, stated that chemical control should be started in a short time and said: “For the last time , we gave some information and warnings about wheat and rust diseases. We were found, and now, according to the information we received, there is a wheat and grain plantation in Sivas with an area of more than 3.5 million hectares. Unfortunately, as the rains continued, sad news began to arrive. Here is the news that sometimes the fields completely disappear with images of the flood, and more often than not, the rust disease has completely spread to our entire city. On this area of 3.5 million hectares, we expect a harvest of about 1 million tons under normal conditions. Of course, the biggest impact of this disease on us will be crop losses of up to 40 percent. This loss of efficiency is a situation that will affect the economy of our country and the economy of our province. At this stage, when the rains begin to decrease and gradually stop if the field is suitable, farmers should urgently begin chemical control of the rust disease,” he said.
Saying that due to the rains it is not possible to enter the area with a tractor, but drone technology can be used, Yoryuk said, “Some companies come from outside the province on this occasion. We know that they are and will be doing research on spraying, but in our province, institutions such as the provincial agricultural department, district offices, special provincial administration and the governorate should also focus on this spraying and guide and help our farmers in this regard. . .
Because this drone spraying is not something farmers can do or overcome alone. In this case, official organizations should pay attention to drone spraying and relieve our farmers of their grievances about this,” he said.
“WE MUST TAKE MEASURES TO STOP DISEASE”
Claiming that rust causes wheat disease when the air warms up rapidly after rains, the humidity that occurs due to the formation of air flow in the field after rains due to dense planting, and that the disease spreads more to the fields after the rains stop, Yoruk said: “Now the rains prevent this disease. We’ll see more when it stops. Because the weather will warm up and these spores will spread faster. It is imperative that we take action to stop this disease with chemical control as soon as these rains stop,” he said.
Saying that the variety should be changed in line with global warming when growing cereals, Yoruk said: “We need to choose resistant varieties. We need to change our seed settings. We shouldn’t plant wheat so close together. Rust disease does not occur during the dry season. Since air humidity and precipitation are low, it does not spread, but increases with precipitation. This shows that we will have a lot of rain in the coming years and with this rain we will have to fight other diseases such as rust. Therefore, resistant varieties should be chosen. According to him, it is necessary to change the sowing regime.”
SOLINITY AND ROOT DISEASE IN KONYA GRAIN BAR
Known as the granary of Turkey, Konya received about 250 kilograms of rain per square meter last year and received 240 kilograms of rain in the first 6 months of this year. With more rainfall than expected, sun pests and root diseases began to appear on cultivated land. The president of the Karatai Agricultural Chamber, Rifat Kavunker, said that if the rains cause disease in cultivated land, yields and quality will decline. Kavuneker said: “Because of the heavy rains, illnesses began when there was no sun. We constantly warn our farmers that they should inspect their fields every day and spray them if there are diseases. Because both the loss of grain and its quality will be low due to diseases. So let them check their fields every other day or every day. We have seen that there are pests or pests in some places. When our farmers face such a situation, they should immediately apply to the agricultural chambers or regional departments of agriculture,” he said.
“WE PRAY THAT IT’S NOT POLLO RAIN”
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