SAFAKNA TURKEY – Chest Specialist Dr. Asli Bingöl Oz, stating that pneumonia is the 6th leading cause of death in the world, said: “Pneumonia, commonly known as ‘pneumonia’, is defined as inflammation of the lung tissue caused by microorganisms. Although it ranks 6th for all causes of death in the world, it also ranks first for deaths from infections. The most important reason for this is that the pneumococcal microbe is resistant to antibiotics and therefore unsuccessful results can be obtained from treatment.
“THE MICROBE OF PNEUMONIA IS GENERALLY TRANSMITTED THROUGH THE RESPIRATORY ORGANS”
Noting that the contagiousness of pneumonia is usually transmitted through the respiratory route, Oz said: “Pneumonia germs are usually transmitted through the respiratory tract. Germs that are spread in the air due to coughs or sneezes of a sick person hang in this environment for hours. Inhalation of these microbes leads to easy transmission of the disease. Being in crowded places and on public transport, being in contact with someone who is sick, and using personal items such as glasses or towels increase the risk. In addition to this, air conditioners and dirty water systems can also be a source of disease transmission.
Explaining the three most important symptoms of pneumonia, such as cough, sputum production and fever, Oz said: “If the disease progresses, these symptoms may be accompanied by symptoms such as chest pain, shortness of breath, loss of consciousness, nausea and vomiting. rapid breathing, muscle and joint pain and weakness. In cases of severe pneumonia, problems such as severe shortness of breath, low blood pressure, clouding of consciousness, and blueness of the skin and mucous membranes can develop.
Especially if a cough that lasts more than 3 weeks is accompanied by sputum production and high fever, you should immediately consult a doctor. The diagnosis can be easily made with a detailed examination, tests and chest X-ray.
“WE SHOULD WASH HANDS FREQUENTLY”
Claiming that smoking increases the risk of developing pneumonia by 4 times, Dr. As for ways to prevent pneumonia, Oz said: “We need to stay out of closed places as much as possible to protect against pneumonia. We must wash our hands often.
We should not be deprived of sleep, we should drink plenty of water. We must be very careful with our diet. We must not smoke and stay away from smoking areas. Because smoking disrupts the structure of the respiratory tract and allows germs to settle in this area. Finally, we must have a flu vaccine, which is one of the most effective ways to protect against pneumonia,” he said.