SAFAKNA TURKEY – According to information compiled from the Kahramanmarash and Khatai Earthquake Report prepared by the Presidential Department of Strategy and Budget, work continues without delay to ensure a sustainable production environment by bringing the crop and livestock sectors to pre-earthquake conditions. soon.
In this context, it aims to restore or restore damaged agricultural infrastructure in provinces affected by the earthquake, compensate for the loss of livestock by replacing them, increase the efficiency of the population in agricultural marketing, encourage the employment of agricultural workers in order to reduce the negative impact of migration from the region on agricultural production, as well as preventing farmers from abandoning production, is aimed at taking the necessary measures to ensure
In the aquaculture sector, by increasing the share received from agricultural support to increase aquaculture production in the long term, grow the sector and create alternative employment opportunities for the local population, increase the distribution of aquaculture use areas in dams to shallow ones. large-scale enterprises within the framework of the rehabilitation of the region, increasing employment while operating at full capacity of aquaculture facilities, at the same time it is considered important to provide financial support for the creation of a new facility.
It is emphasized that the widespread use of earthquake-resistant wood in buildings and the creation of model villages where wood is widely used in the framework of the concept of “zero waste and zero emissions” are important in terms of helping to prevent migration and continue agricultural activities. production.
In the long term, it is important to prevent migration out of the region by ensuring the continuation of irrigation services important in terms of the agricultural economy and employment, and to increase support for agriculture by ensuring the repair of facilities in the irrigation sector in the long term.
While studies are ongoing to determine the damage to the general existence of animals in animal husbandry, it has been established that in the current situation, 8,241 heads of cattle, 64,260 heads of small ruminants and 42,000 heads of poultry were destroyed. In addition, 533,000 chickens died in Adiyaman and 168,000 chickens in Malatya. In this context, it has been estimated that breeders have lost 602.5 million lire due to the loss of animals.
13 thousand 284 out of 233 thousand 230 barns and barns in the earthquake zone were destroyed.
Of the approximately 1.6 million hives in the region, 5,756 were found to have been damaged. The cost of their replenishment is estimated at 8.6 million lire.
The total cost of damage at 12 private sector warehouses in Adana, Diyarbakir, Gaziantep, Kahramanmaras and Hatay was found to be 221 million liras.
It was estimated that 101 tons of fish and 37.4 million fry died due to damage to some private sector indoor aquaculture facilities in the earthquake zone, with a total cost of 63.2 million lire.
In the food sector, damage of about 50 million lira due to a fire in machinery at the Hatay Food Control Laboratory and about 1.3 million lira at the Malatya and Elazig sugar factories, which are part of Türkiye Şeker Fabrikaları A.Ş.
It is estimated that the total damage to the buildings and equipment of the General Directorate of Forestry (GMO) is approximately 3 billion lire. The estimated damage to the irrigation sector, calculated primarily by DSI, has reached 19.5 billion lire.
It was estimated that the total cost of damage found in the 18 warehouses of the Turkish Grain Board (TMO) was TL 81.6 million, and the total cost of damage found in the facilities of the General Directorate of Agricultural Enterprises (TİGEM) was 134.1 million million Turkish liras.
In this context, it was found that the total damage in the agricultural sector, according to the first definitions, amounted to 24.2 billion lire.
To compensate for the damage to animals affected by the earthquake, 580.3 million liras must be allocated to the agricultural support budget. It is necessary to allocate 1 billion lira for feed for livestock breeders.
According to the report, policy recommendations that need to be adopted in the short term include repairing damaged barns and pens, refurbishing destroyed ones, supplying tents for animals that have housing problems due to destroyed barns and pens, and supplying livestock farmers with roughage and concentrated feed, medicines and vaccines.
In addition, repairing and rebuilding facilities such as warehouses, processing plants and silos, compensating for damage caused by loss of animals so that livestock farmers can buy animals again, providing seeds and fertilizers to producers to support spring plantings, and taking measures to employ seasonal agricultural workers in region are also included in the short-term policy recommendations.
First of all, it is recommended to determine the damage to agricultural machinery, especially tractors, and make them work, act with an understanding of urban forestry, which is of great importance for urban ecology, and forest, which is of great importance. importance for urban ecology, while the architecture of destroyed cities is being recycled.
Structuring the debts of irrigation facilities in the region, the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry to begin compensation for said damage, and reassessing the use of groundwater in the region for irrigation are among the short-term policy recommendations.
Medium and long term policy recommendations
Among the medium-term policy recommendations were an increase in the number of temporary purchasing centers by TMO to make the procurement processes more efficient, identifying land that will not be cultivated due to migration and leasing it through the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. .
Other medium-term recommendations are: “Develop a program that ensures the flow of information to the coordinating agency before and during disasters by creating a resource inventory of government agencies and organizations that can respond to disasters such as fire, earthquake, flood, avalanche, increased air and ground vehicles used to extinguish forest fires and eliminate them during natural disasters. Directing resources to R&D in order to develop combat capability and determine and maintain the security of storage facilities.
Among the policies that are recommended to be implemented in the long term, the following can be distinguished:
– Implementation of programs to support the earthquake zone in order to prevent exit from the agricultural sector,
– Installation of earthquake recording devices that record the seismic activity of dams during earthquakes, obtaining information based on observations in order to increase knowledge and experience about the behavior of dams during earthquakes,
– Installation of early warning systems on dams in a seismic zone, including various types of sensors, including reservoir/downstream level monitoring, flow indicators and meteorological measurements.
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