Obesity is growing rapidly around the world. While an unhealthy diet and a sedentary lifestyle cause a person to gain weight, excess weight paves the way for many diseases. Diabetes also spreads rapidly with weight gain. prof. Dr. Sinan Caglayan warned, especially those with weight problems, and explained that the disease progresses slowly, but it needs to be treated quickly.
SAFAKNA TURKEY – Diabetes mellitus, known as diabetes mellitus, is spreading rapidly throughout the world. The most important reason for the serious increase in the incidence of diabetes is due to increased inactivity and extremely poor nutrition. Even though patients stay awake at night and snack during the night, the first thing patients experience is weight gain. The load on the pancreas increases with a change in diet and regimen, there are violations of insulin secretion. and developing insulin resistance. Experts explain that the incidence of type 2 diabetes has increased due to these reasons.
The rising incidence of diabetes puts many people at risk. So, is diet directly related to diabetes? prof. Dr. Sinan Caglayan made important statements about diabetes for Gazetevatan.com.
BLOOD SUGAR RISES QUICKLY Caglayan pointed out that the disease progresses slowly and said: “Insulin resistance develops in patients because foods rich in saturated fat, very rich in carbohydrates and having a high glycemic index put a serious strain on the pancreas and rapidly increase insulin secretion. from beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin boosts itself to raise rapidly rising blood sugar levels. In patients with insulin resistance, when glucose cannot enter the cell well for a long time, its blood level rises and diabetes, especially type 2 diabetes, begins to gradually develop. He said.
OVERWEIGHT PEOPLE AT RISK Diabetes is known to be more common in overweight people. Sinan Caglayan said: “Especially the excess of adipose tissue in the abdomen, which increases the circumference of the navel, lubricates both the liver and the pancreas. As a result of these lubrications, the load on the beta cells in the pancreas increases again due to the lubrication of the organs. While one unit of insulin can bring blood sugar into a cell, three units of secreted insulin can bring blood sugar into a cell, and insulin resistance sets in. Once insulin resistance sets in, higher insulin levels cause higher sugar levels, and when sugar levels rise, higher insulin levels lead to higher insulin, and after a vicious cycle that continues like this, blood sugar levels rise. and type 2 diabetes occurs. used phrases.
ATTENTION IF THESE SYMPTOMS EXIST! Stating that there are 4 types of diabetes, called type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes and other types, Sinan Caglayan said regarding the symptoms of diseases: “Type 1 diabetes, insulin-dependent diabetes, that is, there is an absolute deficiency of insulin, and the patient does not produce any insulin is a rise in sugar. The treatment approach for these patients is insulin.
Type 2 diabetes develops with insulin resistance. In treatment, blood sugar regulation is primarily provided by diet and exercise. If no improvement is observed, then treatment, diet and exercise are used. In treatment, preference can be given to drugs that simultaneously increase insulin sensitivity and increase insulin secretion in the pancreas. If there is no improvement with them, insulin can be used as a last resort. Gestational diabetes is diabetes that usually occurs after the 20th week of pregnancy. It’s actually insulin resistance. Metformin or insulin are used in addition to diet and exercise during pregnancy. Although patients with gestational diabetes usually use insulin, gestational diabetes resolves after delivery.
CHANGES DURING TREATMENT Other types of diabetes include type 1 diabetes, which occurs in adulthood because type 1 diabetes usually begins in childhood. Another disease is type 2 diabetes, which occurs at an early age. They can be treated with insulin therapy if the insulin deficiency is very noticeable at this time, or with drugs that we can give orally even if the patient is young. Thus, the approach to treatment varies depending on the type of diabetes and its course. He said.
IMPORTANT WARNING FOR NIGHT WORKERS In parallel with the rise in obesity worldwide, the number of people with diabetes is increasing day by day. prof. Dr. Sinan Caglayan explains what to do to prevent diabetes as follows:
“People may be especially protected against type 2 diabetes. There is also a genetic aspect to diabetes and it can be difficult to prevent this and similar diseases. However, to be protected, and if the genetic load is too high and diseases can progress more easily, it is absolutely essential to eat right, exercise and get enough sleep.
In particular, sleeping too late at night, insomnia, and the need for snacks increase calorie intake. Since people who work night shifts sleep during the day, we can protect them from diabetes by reversing their jet lag and then eating healthy again and being more active.”
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