SHAFAQNA Türkiye – Chest Specialist at Medicana Health Group Kadıköy Hospital. Güler Gögüs made important statements about the negative impact of smoking on human health. Arguing that the harm of smoking for the body is indisputable, Uzm. Dr. Güler Gogüs used the following statements:
“As with any drug and chemical, the impact of tobacco use on the body depends on the individual, the amount and frequency of use, the individual’s current health status, and many other factors. However, unlike many drugs, tobacco does not have an amount that can be called a safe dose for human health, and it is known to have negative effects on human health at all doses, from exposure to tobacco smoke only through passive exposure. smoking and active smoking. When smoked, the tar from cigarette smoke acts as a poison in the body. As a result of the constant intake of this toxic substance in the body; There are such effects as impaired coagulation, deterioration in the structure of the arteries, the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues decreases, and the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases increases significantly.
“CIGARETTE INVITES TO CANCER”
Explaining that smoking greatly increases the risk of certain types of cancer, Dr. Güler Gogüs said: “The main reason for this is the toxic substances in cigarette smoke. These substances cause cancer in two ways. First, it weakens the body’s immune system and makes it harder for cancer cells’ defense system to kill them. Under normal conditions, cancer cells can often form in the human body, and they are usually detected and destroyed by the defense system. On the other hand, people who smoke are more likely to develop cancer due to a weakened immune system. Another reason why cigarettes cause cancer is that the toxic substances in cigarette smoke directly damage cellular DNA. Depending on the damaged DNA, cells can grow and proliferate uncontrollably, and thus cancer can develop. Lung cancer is the most important type of cancer caused by smoking. It can be seen that 9 out of 10 lung cancer patients smoke for many years. In addition, it is known that due to smoking, the likelihood of developing cancer of the blood, bladder, cervix, liver, mouth and throat, and gastrointestinal tract increases.
“THE CIGARETTE FIRST FINISHED THE LUNGS”
Noting that smoking negatively affects the functioning of almost every organ in the body, Dr. Dr. Güler Gogüs continued her assessment as follows:
“However, because the tar in cigarette smoke enters the lungs through breathing and accumulates there, the lungs are the organs most affected by smoking. In addition, the organs most affected by smoking include the blood vessels, trachea, bronchi, eyes, mouth, throat, skin, bones, bladder, all organs of the digestive system, and reproductive organs. Effects seen in these organs typically include negative effects such as decreased performance, increased susceptibility to cancer, susceptibility to infection, and deformities in form and appearance.
“The harm of cigarettes begins to decrease as soon as you stop smoking”
exp. Dr. Güler Gogüs said: “The harm of smoking starts to disappear and is observed immediately after quitting.”
“The harm that occurs every year without tobacco after quitting continues to disappear. The first positive effects include balancing blood pressure, returning the heart to normal, improving blood circulation, and increasing the amount of oxygen reaching the tissues. As a result, positive effects arise, such as an improvement in the appearance of the skin, an increase in the quantity and quality of spermatozoa in men. Approximately 8 hours after quitting smoking, the level of carbon monoxide in the blood drops significantly, and the level of oxygen rises. After 2-4 days, taste and smell sensations return to normal, while bad breath disappears, problems with yellowness on the teeth begin to decrease with regular care of the oral cavity and teeth. Within a few weeks, the problem of early exercise fatigue due to smoking decreases and lung efficiency begins to improve. Within a year, the problem of fatigue is significantly reduced, while problems such as nasal congestion, shortness of breath and cough improve. After a year of completely quitting smoking, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease is halved compared to the period of active smoking. After 5 years, the risk of developing cancers associated with the mouth, throat, gastrointestinal tract, bladder, and reproductive organs, and after 10 years, the risk of developing lung cancer is halved.
exp. Dr. Finally, Güler Gögüs emphasizes that health can be protected and harmful effects can be reversed over time by quitting smoking as soon as possible. Göğüş invites all persons who want to quit smoking and are considering receiving support in this regard to apply to medical institutions.
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