SHAFAQNA Türkiye – The increase in the amount of pollen with the advent of spring causes allergic reactions. While the allergic reactions complicating this period cause complaints such as itchy nose, discharge from the eyes, redness and constant sneezing, the number of hospitalizations is increasing. Medicana Medical Group, Chest Specialist Dr. Gulfem Yildirim spoke about spring allergies and precautions. Dr. Gülfem Yıldırım stated that an allergy is an overreaction of the body to substances that are normally harmless in nature due to an imbalance in the immune system. Thus, an unbalanced reaction that develops in people with a genetic predisposition is called an allergy. An allergen is a reaction that occurs when some naturally harmless substance causes an excessive immune response in people who are genetically predisposed to respond, and excessive production of antibodies.
Gulfem Yıldırım, who stated that spring allergy, a clinically defined allergic rhinitis, is mainly seen in people prone to spring allergies, said: “Patients develop symptoms such as runny nose, nasal congestion, itching, sneezing and coughing. Spring allergies are more common in individuals with a genetic predisposition from the family. If either parent has a history of allergies, there is a 45 percent risk of being seen. Again, if both parents have a history of allergies, it has been observed that a person has a 70 percent chance of having it.
In addition, if there is early use of antibiotics, if the mother smokes in the first stage of labor, and also if there is a high level of antibodies in some laboratory parameters, if specific antibodies are checked and the patient has these increases, the likelihood of developing a spring allergy in a person is high. In the case of seasonal symptoms such as nasal discharge, nasal congestion, nasal discharge, sneezing and coughing, upper respiratory complaints, in addition to symptoms such as redness and watery eyes, allergic rhinitis and spring allergies should be considered. in individuals with the risk factors we mentioned. There are laboratory methods that we use in making a diagnosis. Laboratory tests showing an increased immune response in allergic conditions and high levels of antibodies support the diagnosis. Again, we may think that some allergen solutions cause allergies when conditions such as swelling and redness appear in skin tests. If allergic rhinitis is not controlled in patients who develop spring allergies, the allergy may continue and progress. In this case, we can talk about allergic asthma if cough, wheezing, wheezing are added to the complaints. The disease can be brought under control if these patients carry out the correct treatment of allergic asthma, especially by contacting a specialist.
Emphasizing that in order to treat allergic rhinitis, the allergy must first be identified, Medicana Konya Hospital chest specialist Dr. Gülfem Yıldırım said: “The most important treatment is to avoid contact with the allergen, which we call the avoidance method. Pollen, grasses, fungi, and allergens in the home can all be effective for spring allergies. In this case, if patients are allergic to grass pollen and grass, we recommend that patients pay attention between March and November. We strongly advise them not to go outside in the morning, keep the windows closed and keep the humidity in the house below 50 percent. In addition, patients can sometimes be allergic to weeds. In this case, complaints may occur mainly between August and November. They would do well to take similar precautions during these periods. Of course, avoiding allergens and relieving symptoms is no easy task. This is where medical procedures and some surgical treatments to relieve symptoms can come into play. In medical treatment, we are helped by antiallergic drugs, which we use to suppress allergic symptoms. In surgical treatment, we can benefit from surgical methods in cases where the patient has conditions such as enlargement of the nasal mucosa and nasal flesh.
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