Streptococcus A deaths on the rise in Europe

SAFAKNA TURKEY – Recently, there has been a significant increase in infections caused by Strep A bacteria. After England, France, Wales, Northern Ireland and Turkey, the disease has also been observed in the Netherlands. According to the Netherlands National Institute for Public Health and the Environment, the prevalence of infection is beginning to reach serious proportions.

This is stated in a statement by Michel Van der Fliehr from the Medical School of Utrecht University. “The infection can become critical within a day. A child infected with the virus develops clearly severe symptoms. So far, five children have died. used his words.

Also known as beta microbe “Beta Hemolytic Streptococcus Group A”In fact, this is not a new factor. It shows its effect for many years, especially during the winter months, and causes throat infections and inflammation of the tonsils.


But the problem is not limited to throat infections. The bacterium worries experts because it also causes scarlet fever.

Scarlet fever is another infectious disease that develops in patients with angina and often affects children.

England’s National Health Agency has drawn attention to scarlet fever with a recent announcement and “This used to be rare in the UK but has increased significantly in recent years. Pretty contagious.” warned. Professor Susan Hopkins, Chief Medical Adviser of the UK Health Agency. “According to the news and data received so far, we can talk about more than 7500 scarlet messages. This number could be even higher. used his words.

Noting that an alarming number of severe strep A cases, deaths and scarlet fever have been reported in Europe, the World Health Organization warned other countries to be vigilant and report any unexpected national or regional rise in cases to international agencies.


Child health and disease specialist Dr. Demet Matben, “Red scarlet fever and group A beta-streptococcal infection have been observed for many years and were common in the 5 to 15 age group. We encounter these infections more often, especially in the autumn and spring months. Right now the world is seeing an increase in red. As a result, the incidence is on the rise. Group A beta-streptococcal infection shows up on several different pictures. Such as tonsillitis, pharyngitis, scarlet fever and swollen lymph nodes … “ said.

Child health and disease specialist, Dr. Instructor Member Gekmen Alpaslan Tashkin “There are a growing number of redheads in the world. Red is also found in our country. But there is a cure. The main thing is to quickly diagnose. used his words.

So how is the disease transmitted? What symptoms does it cause? We tried to find answers to the questions that arise in the head about this disease, which the whole world is talking about, with the support of our specialists.

Here is the scarlet fever file in 8 questions…


Claiming that scarlet fever is a bacterial disease that some people develop with throat infections due to Strep A infection, pediatrician Dr. D. Gökmen Alpaslan Tashkin: “The disease has a bright red rash covering most of the body. Also known as scarlet fever, it almost always causes a high fever with a sore throat. Scarlet fever is most common in children between the ages of 5 and 15. Although it was once considered a serious childhood illness, it has become less dangerous when treated with antibiotics. However, if left untreated, it can cause more serious conditions affecting the heart, kidneys, and other parts of the body. used his words.2-) HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE?

Contagious infections are of particular concern to families with school-age children. But is scarlet fever as contagious as streptococcus A? To this question, Dr. Gekmen Alpaslan Tashkin, very clear “Red color is very contagious, like other diseases” gave an answer. Dr. He emphasized the following warnings to prevent flood contamination:

– Cover your mouth and nose when coughing and sneezing to prevent the possible spread of germs. Handkerchiefs used for sneezing and coughing should be carefully discarded after use. If it is not possible to use a handkerchief, it should be coughed into the elbow to minimize the spread of germs that can cause illness.

– In addition to glasses, utensils and tools and items used by patients with scarlet fever, children’s toys should be washed in hot water or, if possible, in a dishwasher.

Child Health and Disease Specialist e. If Demet Matben “Scarlet fever, which is an infection seen in all groups of adults but more commonly in the 5 to 15 age group, can be transmitted over a short period of 24 to 72 hours. It can be transmitted by airborne droplets, that is, by breathing, and can be transmitted through a closed environment, close contact, using the same plate and glass.” he said.


Dr. Gokmen Alpaslan Taskin “The most common symptom of scarlet fever is the scarlatinal rash on the skin, which gives the disease its name. This rash looks like a sunburn on the skin and can feel like sandpaper on contact. It usually starts on the face or neck and spreads to the trunk, arms, and legs. said.

Dr. Flood listed other symptoms associated with the disease as follows:

* Fever over 38 degrees

* tremor

* Headache

* Tenderness in the throat

* Sore throat with white and yellow patches

* Difficulty swallowing

* Swollen lymph nodes and sensitivity to touch

* Nausea


Dr. Demet Matben, emphasizing the importance of treatment “Ascending scarlet fever and streptococcus A, if not properly treated, can cause permanent damage to the heart muscle and valves about 15 days after infection. It can also cause bleeding in the urine, high blood pressure, impaired kidney function, and inflammation of the kidneys. said.

Dr. Gekmen Alpaslan Tashkin also emphasized that the bacteria in the throat can spread to other regions and shared the following details:

“Other areas of the body that can spread and infect the bacteria that cause scarlet fever include the lungs, tonsils, kidneys, skin, circulatory system, and middle ear. In some cases, scarlet fever can rarely cause rheumatic fever. Rheumatic fever is a serious illness and can affect the skin, joints, heart, and nervous system. Unfortunately, these complications can lead to long-term health problems.”


Dr. Demet Matben, “The diagnosis of scarlet fever is based on the results of a throat examination, a throat swab, a rapid strep A test, and a throat culture. With proper treatment of a correctly identified disease, complications and long-term health problems are not observed. used his words.


Streptococcus A can’t turn into an epidemic like the coronavirus, experts say. On the other hand, the number of countries where the infection is observed is also increasing. Can scarlet fever turn into a widespread epidemic?

Dr. Gekmen Alpaslan Tashkin emphasized that this possibility is weak for the Reds. “However, we should not completely ignore it. Let’s not forget that the distance and hygiene measures we take during the coronavirus epidemic can also prevent the transmission of this infection. said.


Claiming that antibiotics used to fight streptococcal infection are the mainstay of treatment for scarlet fever. Gokmen Alpaslan Taskin, “Rapid administration of appropriate antibiotics shortens the duration of the disease. At the same time, antibiotics prevent infection 24-48 hours after the start of use. said.

Dr. Demet Matben drew attention to antibiotic resistance, “The first choice in the treatment of the disease are antibiotics of the penicillin group, and in the presence of allergies, antibiotics of the clarithromycin group. Treatment should last 10 days. In this age of growing antibiotic resistance, throat cultures to check if a Streptococcus A carrier remains in the throat after treatment or if complete treatment prevents major outbreaks. used his words.


Dr. Gökmen Alpaslan Tashkin warned that families should be very careful about infection and listed things to consider in four points:

1- To avoid spreading the infection to others, children diagnosed with scarlet fever should stay at home for at least 24 hours after starting antibiotic therapy.

2- Something for kids with severe sore throats Eating can be painful. This is why soft food or a liquid diet is the best method.

3- During illness, children should consume plenty of fluids. I highly recommend drinking water.

4- If the rash is itchy, make sure your child’s nails are cut short so that their skin doesn’t irritate. With the approval of a doctor, itching can also be used.

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