SHAFAQNA Türkiye – Different treatments are used for this disease, depending on the area of the lower or upper urinary tract where the infection occurs; Protective measures and parents instilling proper toilet and hygiene habits for their children play an important role in preventing frequent recurrences of the infection.
What causes inflammation of the urinary tract?
Pediatric nephrologist-specialist Uz. Dr. Gökçe Can provided information on urinary tract infections in children and prevention methods. Infection of the urinary tract, namely the kidneys, ureters and bladder, caused by bacteria is called urinary tract inflammation. Urinary tract infection is more common in boys under one year of age and in girls over one year of age. In addition to cases of vesicoureteral reflux and urinary disorders, the incidence of urinary tract infections increases to a greater extent due to urinary retention, especially in girls of playing age who have undergone toilet training.
coli bacteria are the main cause
The main cause of urinary tract infection is the E-coli bacteria. Coli bacillus, a bacterium found in feces, occurs when germs in the genital area infect the urinary tract. However, structural abnormalities of the urinary tract and kidneys may predispose to urinary tract infection. These structural disorders of the urinary system; Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) can be described as leakage of urine from the bladder into the kidneys, stenosis in the renal canals, and kidney stones. In addition, urinary disorders, urinary retention, poor personal hygiene, lack of a toilet suitable for children, and inability to properly empty the urinary tract are situations that can cause a urinary tract infection.
Urinalysis should be performed in the presence of fever of unknown origin.
The symptoms of a lower urinary tract infection and an upper urinary tract infection in children are different. An upper urinary tract infection is an inflammation of the kidneys, and a lower urinary tract infection is an inflammation of the ureters and bladder. Common symptoms include fever, abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite, side pain, back pain, frequent urination, burning, pain and tingling during urination, sudden urination, blood in the urine.
In children under two years of age, symptoms should be evaluated more carefully. For this reason, urinalysis should be performed in all young children with fever who cannot be identified as the focus of fever. Again, urinary tract infection should be suspected in decreased appetite, stunted growth, foul-smelling urine, and prolonged jaundice in young children.
Treatment varies depending on the area of the infection.
Treatment for a urinary tract infection depends on whether the infection is in the lower or upper urinary tract. Since there is a risk of irreversible kidney damage in upper urinary tract infections, parenteral administration is treated in the same way as antibiotic therapy by injection into the muscle or intravenously; Lower urinary tract infections require oral antibiotic treatment. An important part of the treatment is that children consume large amounts of fluid in the process.
Urinary tract infection can become chronic
In some children, urinary tract infections can become chronic. This is called a recurrent urinary tract infection. Below this value, the probability of an anomaly of the urinary system is high. For this reason, renal imaging should be used in addition to ultrasound in children with recurrent urinary tract infections. However, it should be monitored by a pediatric nephrologist.
Children should be taught to urinate rather than wait to urinate.
The use of toilets by children, especially in schools, can be a hygiene concern for families. However, instead of toilet hygiene, families should be taught that their children should not hold on to the toilet and that they should be hygienic when using the toilet. Because prolonged retention of urine is one of the reasons leading to the infection of children.
By following these precautions, you can protect yourself from urinary tract infections!
What to do to prevent a urinary tract infection can be listed as follows:
– you should drink plenty of water
– Urine should not be kept waiting and should go to the toilet immediately when needed,
– do not wear tight underwear,
– care should be taken that the underwear is made of cotton,
– Hygiene rules should be observed, washing of the genitals after the toilet should be carried out from front to back and not re-transmitted,
During the summer holidays, the sea should be preferred over the pool,
– Urinary tract infection should be seen by a pediatric nephrologist.
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