What is anxiety? This can negatively affect daily life!

SHAFAQNA Türkiye – Anxiety has become a problem that many people face these days. Constant worry, fear, and feeling tense are some of the symptoms of an anxiety disorder. Although the cause of anxiety is not fully understood, various factors such as genetic predisposition, stressful life events, environmental factors, and personality traits are thought to play a role.


Anxiety refers to an excessive and persistent state of worry, fear, or nervousness, although this is a normal reaction. Anxiety is a condition that affects a person’s daily life and creates distress. It is often associated with an uncertain threat or worry about the future.

An anxiety disorder is a condition in which anxiety is intense and persistent. This disorder can manifest itself in various forms. For example, generalized anxiety disorder is characterized by constant restlessness and feelings of tension. Panic disorder involves severe panic attacks that come on suddenly. Obsessive-compulsive disorder is characterized by repetitive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. Social anxiety disorder causes extreme anxiety and feelings of embarrassment about social situations or performances.

Anxiety symptoms can be physical, emotional, and behavioral. Physical symptoms may include heart palpitations, shortness of breath, sweating, muscle tension, indigestion, and trouble sleeping. Emotional symptoms include anxiety, fear, restlessness, and irritability, while behavioral symptoms include avoidance, compulsive behavior, or flight responses due to panic attacks.

An anxiety disorder should be diagnosed by a healthcare professional. Treatment options may include therapy (psychotherapy), medication, or a combination of both. Various therapeutic approaches may be used, such as individual therapy, group therapy, or cognitive behavioral therapy. Medications may include medications such as antidepressants, anxiolytics, or beta-blockers.

It is important to provide support and explore appropriate treatment options for people with anxiety disorders. In addition, measures such as lifestyle changes, stress management techniques, regular exercise, good sleep patterns, and a healthy diet can help manage anxiety.


The symptoms of anxiety can differ from person to person and may vary depending on the type of anxiety disorder. But in general, symptoms of anxiety can include:

– Physical symptoms:

palpitations or fast pulse
Shortness of breath or hunger for air
shaking or shaking
Muscle tension or muscle pain
Feeling dizzy or dizzy
Nausea or digestive problems
Diarrhea or frequent urge to urinate
fatigue or lack of energy

– Emotional symptoms:

Constant feeling of restlessness or restlessness
Inner restlessness or tension
Feelings of fear or panic
irritability or nervousness
Strong feelings of fear or avoidance
difficulty concentrating
Insomnia or trouble sleeping

– Behavioral symptoms:

Avoidance behavior (avoidance of social interactions, attempt to avoid fearful situations)
intrusive thoughts or obsessions
Compulsive behavior or compulsions (repetitive movements, desire to regulate)
Panic attacks (sudden and unexpected onset of intense fear and physical symptoms)


The exact cause of anxiety disorder is not fully understood. However, many factors can contribute to the development of an anxiety disorder. These include:

Genetic factors: A family history may increase the risk of developing an anxiety disorder. Certain genes are believed to be involved in causing anxiety disorder.

Chemical balance of the brain: Chemicals (neurotransmitters) in the brain play an important role in the regulation of anxiety. Imbalances in neurotransmitters such as serotonin, norepinephrine, and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) may contribute to the development of anxiety disorders.

stress: Intense and persistent stressful situations, trauma, or difficult life events can trigger an anxiety disorder or exacerbate existing anxiety.

Personality structure: Certain personality traits, such as extreme perfectionism, low self-esteem, or hypersensitivity, may play a role in causing an anxiety disorder.

Environmental factors: Environmental factors such as childhood trauma, abuse, neglect, or family stress can contribute to the development of an anxiety disorder.

Difficult life events: Stressful life events, such as major changes, losses, work or relationship problems, can trigger anxiety.


Anxiety disorders can be of different types, with different symptoms and characteristics. Here are some of the common anxiety disorders:

Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD): It is characterized by a constant feeling of restlessness, tension and restlessness. It usually happens without a specific reason and can affect daily life.

Panic Disorder: Panic attacks are repetitive, unexpected, and stressful situations. Panic attacks are characterized by intense physical symptoms such as rapid heartbeat, shortness of breath, sweating, tremors, chest pain, along with a sudden feeling of fear and discomfort.

Social Anxiety Disorder: It is characterized by intense feelings of fear or shame associated with social situations or activities. Situations such as avoiding social interactions and speaking in front of others cause anxiety.

Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD): It is characterized by obsessive thoughts (obsessions) and the need to control them or perform repetitive actions (compulsions). For example, compulsive behaviors such as constant handwashing, arranging things, or counting may indicate OCD.

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD): Occurs after a traumatic event. A person may experience anxiety, fear, nightmares, or avoidance reactions when faced with situations that remind them of the event.

Panic agoraphobia: It is characterized by recurring panic attacks and a combination of symptoms of agoraphobia (fear of entering crowded places or spaces). The person lives in fear of a panic attack or in a place where he cannot get help.


Anxiety disorders can occur at any age and in any gender. There are many factors that can cause people to develop anxiety disorders in various life situations. However, there are certain risk factors that make anxiety disorders more common in some people. These factors may include:

Genetic predisposition: People with a family history of anxiety disorders may be more prone to anxiety disorders due to genetic factors.

Stressful life events: Stressful life events, trauma, job loss, relationship problems, financial problems can all contribute to anxiety disorders.

Childhood experience: Childhood trauma, neglect, abuse, or family conflicts can contribute to the development of anxiety disorders later in life.

Personality characteristics: Certain personality traits are associated with anxiety disorders. For example, traits such as extreme perfectionism, low self-esteem, and high sensitivity may play a role in the development of anxiety disorders.

Other mental disorders: Other mental health issues, such as depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, or post-traumatic stress disorder, can increase your risk of developing anxiety disorders.

Floor: Women may be more prone to anxiety disorders than men. Factors such as hormonal changes, the menstrual cycle, pregnancy, or menopause may contribute to this difference.


Treatment for anxiety can include many different approaches and should be determined on an individual basis. Here are some of the most common treatments for anxiety:

Psychotherapy (therapy): Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is the most widely used therapy for treating anxiety disorders. CBT helps a person understand patterns of thought and behavior, learn how to manage anxiety, and develop healthy responses. The therapist teaches people skills to deal with anxiety and fears.

Medication: In some cases, medications may be prescribed to relieve symptoms of anxiety and facilitate treatment. Medications such as antidepressants (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors or serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors) or anxiolytics (benzodiazepines) may be used. Drug therapy is usually prescribed by a specialist and requires regular monitoring.

Breathing exercises and relaxation techniques: Relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation, advanced muscle relaxation, or visualization can help manage anxiety. These techniques are used to reduce anxiety levels, increase feelings of calm and reduce stress.

Lifestyle changes: Healthy lifestyle habits can help manage anxiety symptoms. Regular exercise, a healthy diet, getting enough sleep, and using stress management techniques to reduce stress can reduce the effect of anxiety.

Support groups: Support groups or group therapy for people with anxiety disorders can provide an opportunity to connect with and receive support from people with similar experiences. Sharing experiences with others can provide motivation and relief in dealing with anxiety.

Random Post