SAFAKNA TURKEY- General surgeon prof. Dr. Oguzhan Karatepe gave information on this issue.
This cancer usually affects young and old people, but it can be seen at any age. It usually starts as small, non-cancerous (benign) clusters of cells called polyps that form inside the colon. Over time, some of these polyps can develop into colon cancer. Polyps may be small and cause few symptoms. That’s why doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer by finding and removing polyps before they develop into cancer.
Many treatments are available for colon cancer, including surgery, radiation therapy, and drug treatments such as chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Colon cancer is sometimes called colorectal cancer. The term combines colon cancer with rectal cancer that starts in the rectum.
Its symptoms are as follows;
* Persistent change in bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation, or change in stool consistency
* Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool
* Persistent abdominal discomfort such as cramps, gas or pain.
* Feeling like your bowels are not completely empty
* Weakness or fatigue
* Unexplained weight loss
Many people with colon cancer experience no symptoms in the early stages of the disease. When symptoms do occur, they are likely to vary depending on the size of the cancer and its location in the colon.
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